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Generally light to dark brown/grey in colour with paler underside. Their tail is shorter than their body but is quite thick and is nearly always darker on top. Their snout is blunt and their ears are small and furry. They are large, robustly built animals with an average weight of 450g. Rat droppings are around 2cm in length and are much larger than mouse droppings and usually found in groups. Rats will produce up to 40 droppings per day, their life span is much the same as a mouse but their litters are up to 3-6 per year with 8-10 young per litter which reach maturity in 8-10 weeks
SIGNS OF AN INFESTATION
Evidence of the presence of rats can be established without the sighting of a live animal. Typical signs may be seen both inside and outside of the premises which include damage to building materials, packaging and food. Tooth marks may be evident which will help to identify the rat activity, recent gnawing, particularly through wood can be distinguished by the fresh light coloured appearance of the gnawed surface and the presence of small chewed pieces or cuttings in the vicinity.
Rats are creatures of habit and will regularly use the same run. The runs exhibit ‘smear’ marks as the grease, dirt and natural oils from their fur makes contact with the surfaces. Outdoors these runways appear as clean-swept paths where vegetation has become flattened, about 5-7cm wide. Inside a building these will be seen as a black dirty mark.
Droppings also aid in the identification of an infestation. When droppings are discovered it is important to determine their age as it will indicate whether the infestation is current. Fresh droppings are soft enough to be pressed out of shape and have a glistening moist appearance. The colour varies according to the kind of food eaten, but usually they are black or nearly black. Within a few days, depending on climatic conditions, droppings become dry and hard. Later the surface will become dull, and over an extended period of time they assume a greyish, dusty appearance and may crumble easily. The most positive proof of any infestation, of course, is to see live rats. However, because rodents are generally nocturnal and secretive in their habits, live animals are seldom seen. In heavy infestations a peculiar musty musk/urine odour may be present.
Rodents require food, water and shelter to survive. Preventative measures should begin with the design, construction and maintenance of the building in addition to good housekeeping. Effective cleaning of all parts of the premises and equipment is essential, together with the storage of food in rodent proof containers. The storage of all refuse in suitable lidded containers is essential and owners should check their property for conditions that are inviting to rodents. i.e. overgrown vegetation. The building exterior should be carefully examined for structural damage, potential harborage site, poor sanitation and other conditions conducive to rodent activity. Specifically:-
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU COME TO MY HOME OR BUSINESS?
Once you have contacted us a suitable appointment time will be made so that our technician can visit your premises to carry out a survey and treatment. The technician will advise on any remedial action to help prevent the rats from entering the premises and then implement a riddance programme.
Typical riddance treatments against Rats would entail three treatments, the initial survey and treatment followed by 2 additional visits at 7 - 10 day intervals to check on the activity and then remove any dead rodents and residual poisons.
All of our treatments are guaranteed to be effective at removing the rats.
We also offer ongoing service contracts so that your premises are protected from the risk of further incoming rats. Regular service visits, which are determined by the level of risk to your business, would be carried out to check for signs of pest activity and remedial treatments carried out to maintain pest free conditions. We have a standard service level which is suited to most small businesses and complies with the EHO expectations and we have a BRC level service which is suited to larger businesses who receive supplier audits and need a higher level of reporting.
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Light to dark brown/grey in colour
Thick tail slightly shorter than body, long face, blunt nose
Brownish grey in colour
Thin tail shorter than body length, short face, pointed nose
Up to 80 droppings per day around 5mm in length spread out over large areas.
Up to 40 droppings per day, large up to 2 -3cm in length, usually in groups.